Wind instrument of the woodwind family
Evolution of the instrument
Evolution of amedieval wind instrument called the chalumeau, the clarinet was invented around 1690 by Johann Christoph Denner in Nuremberg. He added a bell and two keys to it, allowing musicians to play in several registers, ranging from high to low. However, it was not until Ywan Müller’s modification in 1812 that the clarinetist was able to play the entire chromatic scale, i.e. 4 octaves and 48 notes.
In 1840, Louis-Auguste Buffet, thanks to research work done in collaboration with Hyacinthe Klosé, applied the Boehm movable ring key system devised for the flute, thus creating the modern clarinet. Indeed, this system is still used by most manufacturers.
Place of the instrument in the orchestra
Neighbor in the orchestra of… violins, flutes, horns